Please forward this error screen to vps. Follow the link for more information. The primary targets of such suspicions were government employees, those in the entertainment industry, academics and labor union activists.
Truman’s Executive Order 9835 of March 21, 1947, required that all federal civil service employees be screened for “loyalty. Communism’s emergence as a recognized political force and widespread social disruption in the United States related to unionizing and anarchist activities. Although the Igor Gouzenko and Elizabeth Bentley affairs had raised the issue of Soviet espionage in 1945, events in 1949 and 1950 sharply increased the sense of threat in the United States related to Communism. During the following year, there was evidence of increased sophistication in Soviet Cold War espionage activities in the West.
In January 1950, Alger Hiss, a high-level State Department official, was convicted of perjury. The more conservative politicians in the United States had historically referred to progressive reforms, such as child labor laws and women’s suffrage, as “Communist” or “Red plots”, trying to raise fears against such changes. He brandished a piece of paper, which he claimed contained a list of known Communists working for the State Department. If anyone has a prior claim on it, he’s welcome to the word and to the junior senator from Wisconsin along with it.
I will also throw in a set of free dishes and a case of soap. A number of anti-Communist committees, panels, and “loyalty review boards” in federal, state, and local governments, as well as many private agencies, carried out investigations for small and large companies concerned about possible Communists in their work force. In the federal government, President Harry Truman’s Executive Order 9835 initiated a program of loyalty reviews for federal employees in 1947. It called for dismissal if there were “reasonable grounds for belief that the person involved is disloyal to the Government of the United States. When President Dwight Eisenhower took office in 1953, he strengthened and extended Truman’s loyalty review program, while decreasing the avenues of appeal available to dismissed employees.